World For Nature

Andaman and Nicobar Islands ST

Andaman and Nicobar Islands -Andaman Padauk

Andaman Padauk

Common Name: Andaman Padauk

Local Name: Andaman Padauk

Scientific Name: Pterocarpus dalbergioides

Description: The Andaman Padauk is a medium-sized deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 30 meters. It has a straight trunk with dark brown to reddish-brown bark that flakes off in thin scales. The leaves are compound, with several leaflets arranged alternately along a central axis. The leaflets are oval-shaped with pointed tips and are dark green in color. The tree produces small, yellow flowers that are arranged in clusters, and later develops winged fruits containing seeds.

Economic Importance:

Timber: Andaman Padauk wood is highly valued for its durability, strength, and attractive reddish-brown color. It is used in boat building, furniture making, and for crafting musical instruments.

Medicinal Uses: Various parts of the Andaman Padauk tree have traditional medicinal uses. The bark and leaves are used in local remedies for treating skin ailments and digestive disorders.

Cultural Significance: The Andaman Padauk tree holds cultural significance among the indigenous tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is used in traditional rituals and ceremonies.

Ecological Importance: Andaman Padauk trees contribute to the biodiversity of the islands by providing habitat and food for wildlife. They also help in soil conservation and stabilizing the ecosystem.

Tourism: The unique beauty and cultural value of Andaman Padauk trees contribute to eco-tourism in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, attracting visitors interested in the islands’ natural heritage.

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