World For Nature

Andaman Pit Viper

Andaman Pit Viper


Physical Description:

  • Appearance: The Andaman Pit Viper has a stout body with a triangular-shaped head distinct from its neck. It features keeled scales and a rough texture. Coloration varies, typically ranging from green to brown or gray, often with darker markings or a speckled pattern. Some individuals may exhibit a reddish-brown coloration.
  • Size: Adults typically measure between 40 to 60 cm (16 to 24 inches) in length, with males generally smaller than females.
  • Tail: The tail is short and tapers to a point.


  • Status: The conservation status of the Andaman Pit Viper is not well-documented, but it is likely impacted by habitat loss due to deforestation and human development on the Andaman Islands.
  • Protection: Conservation efforts would focus on habitat preservation and ensuring sustainable practices in the islands’ ecosystems.


  • Ecological Role: As a predator, the Andaman Pit Viper helps regulate populations of small vertebrates and invertebrates, contributing to ecosystem balance.
  • Human Interaction: While bites are rare, the venom of the Andaman Pit Viper can be medically significant, causing local pain, swelling, and tissue damage. Prompt medical treatment with appropriate antivenom is essential in case of envenomation.
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