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Black Krait

Black Krait (Bungarus niger)

Black Krait

Black kraits, also known as Bungarus niger, are highly venomous snakes belonging to the Elapidae family. They are predominantly found in the Indian subcontinent, particularly in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Here are some key details about black kraits:

Physical Characteristics

  • Coloration: Black kraits have a distinctive shiny black color, often with narrow white bands across their bodies, although some individuals may lack these bands.
  • Size: They can grow up to 1.5 meters (about 5 feet) in length.
  • Scales: Their scales are smooth and glossy, giving them a sleek appearance.


  • Geographical Range: Black kraits are primarily found in the Indian subcontinent. Their range includes parts of India (especially in the states of West Bengal, Assam, and Odisha), Bangladesh, and Nepal.
  • Preferred Environment: These snakes favor humid and warm environments. They are commonly found near water bodies, such as rivers, streams, ponds, and rice paddies. They are also known to inhabit forested areas, agricultural lands, and sometimes human settlements.
  • Shelter: During the day, black kraits seek shelter in burrows, under rocks, logs, or debris. They often hide in termite mounds or rodent burrows.


  • Conservation Status: Black kraits are not currently listed as endangered or threatened. However, their populations are affected by habitat destruction, pollution, and human activities.
  • Human Encounters: Although black kraits are shy and reclusive, they occasionally enter human dwellings in search of food. This can lead to accidental encounters and bites. Public awareness and education about these snakes are essential to prevent unnecessary killings and promote coexistence.
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