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Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu SA

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu- Indian Lion

Asiatic Lion

Common Name: Indian Lion or Asiatic Lion

Local Name: Sinh

Scientific Name: Panthera leo persica


The Indian Lion, also known as the Asiatic Lion, is a subspecies of lion that is slightly smaller than its African counterpart. It has a distinct belly fold, a less developed mane on the males, and a thicker coat of hair. Adult males typically weigh between 150 to 250 kg, while females weigh between 120 to 180 kg. The coat color is generally tawny or sandy with a lighter underbelly. These lions are social animals, living in prides consisting of related females, their offspring, and a small number of males.


Historically, the Asiatic Lion ranged from the Middle East to India. Today, they are found only in the Gir Forest National Park and surrounding areas in the state of Gujarat, India. While not native to Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, the Indian Lion is honored as the state animal due to its cultural and historical significance in the region.


Habitat Loss: Expansion of human settlements, agriculture, and infrastructure projects lead to habitat fragmentation and loss.

Human-Wildlife Conflict: Lions often come into conflict with local communities, especially when preying on livestock.

Disease: Outbreaks of diseases such as canine distemper can decimate lion populations.

Genetic Bottleneck: The small population size leads to inbreeding, reducing genetic diversity and increasing susceptibility to diseases.

Poaching: Although less common today, poaching for body parts and illegal wildlife trade remains a threat.

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