World For Nature

Eastern Himalayan Pit Viper

Eastern Himalayan Pit Viper


Physical Description:

  • Appearance: The Eastern Himalayan Pit Viper has a robust body with keeled scales. Its coloration can vary, but it is generally brown or gray with darker crossbands or blotches that provide excellent camouflage in its rocky and forested habitat. The head is broad and triangular, distinct from the neck, and features the characteristic heat-sensing pits of pit vipers.
  • Size: Adults typically measure between 50 to 70 cm (20 to 28 inches) in length, though some individuals may grow larger.
  • Tail: The tail is relatively short and tapering.


  • Status: The conservation status of the Eastern Himalayan Pit Viper is not well-documented, but it may face threats from habitat loss due to deforestation and human encroachment.
  • Protection: Conservation efforts should focus on habitat preservation and protecting montane forests and rocky hillsides from further destruction.


  • Ecological Role: As a predator, the Eastern Himalayan Pit Viper helps regulate populations of small vertebrates, contributing to the ecological balance in its habitat.
  • Human Interaction: While its venom is potent and can cause significant pain, swelling, and tissue damage, bites to humans are rare. People should exercise caution and avoid handling or provoking these snakes.
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