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Indian Rock Python

Indian Rock Python (Python molurus)

Indian Rock Python

The Indian Rock Python (Python molurus) is a large, non-venomous snake species belonging to the Pythonidae family. Known for its impressive size and distinctive pattern, it is one of the most well-known python species in South Asia. Here are some key details about this species:

Physical Description:

  • Appearance:The Indian Rock Python has a robust, muscular body with smooth scales. Its coloration is typically light brown or yellowish with dark brown or black blotches arranged in a distinct pattern along its body. The pattern helps in camouflaging in its natural habitat.
  • Size:Adults can grow to an impressive length, typically measuring between 3 to 5 meters (10 to 16.5 feet), although some individuals can exceed 6 meters (20 feet).
  • Head:The head is large and triangular, with heat-sensing pits along the upper lip, which help detect warm-blooded prey.


  • Geographical Range:This species is found across the Indian subcontinent, including India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.
  • Preferred Habitat:The Indian Rock Python inhabits a variety of environments such as forests, grasslands, swamps, marshes, rocky foothills, and river valleys. It is often found near water bodies like rivers, lakes, and ponds.


  • Status:The Indian Rock Python is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List due to habitat destruction, hunting for skin and meat, and illegal pet trade.
  • Protection:Efforts are being made to protect this species through habitat conservation, legal protection, and raising awareness about its ecological importance.


  • Ecological Role:The Indian Rock Python plays a crucial role in controlling populations of various animals, helping to maintain ecological balance. It is a top predator in its ecosystem.
  • Human Interaction:Although non-venomous and generally harmless to humans, the presence of the Indian Rock Python in populated areas can lead to fear and conflict. Education and awareness can help mitigate these issues.
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