World For Nature

Nicobar Bamboo Pit Viper

Nicobar Bamboo Pit Viper


Physical Description:

  • Appearance: The Nicobar Bamboo Pit Viper displays a vibrant green coloration, which serves as effective camouflage within its forest habitat. It often features yellow or white speckling or crossbands along its body. Juveniles may have different coloration, such as brown or reddish hues.
  • Size: Adults typically range from 50 to 70 cm (20 to 28 inches) in length, with females generally larger than males.
  • Head: It has a triangular-shaped head distinct from the neck, typical of pit vipers, with heat-sensing pits located between the eyes and nostrils.
  • Tail: The tail is prehensile, allowing the snake to grasp onto branches and aid in climbing.


  • Status: The conservation status of the Nicobar Bamboo Pit Viper is not extensively documented, but like many island-endemic species, it may face threats from habitat loss and human activities.
  • Protection: Conservation efforts should focus on preserving its forest habitats within the Nicobar Islands and minimizing disturbances to these ecosystems.


  • Ecological Role: As a predator, the Nicobar Bamboo Pit Viper helps regulate populations of small vertebrates, contributing to the balance of its island ecosystem.
  • Human Interaction: While its venom is potent and can cause significant local pain and tissue damage, bites to humans are rare. Individuals should exercise caution and avoid provoking these snakes in their natural habitats.
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