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Sikkim ST

Sikkim - Rhododendron


Common Name: Rhododendron

Local Name: Guras (in Nepali)

Scientific Name: Various species of the genus Rhododendron are found in Sikkim, including Rhododendron arboreum (Burans), Rhododendron niveum (White Rhododendron), and Rhododendron campanulatum (Red Rhododendron).

Description: Rhododendrons are flowering shrubs or trees that are known for their spectacular clusters of large, showy flowers. They vary in size and color depending on the species and cultivar. In Sikkim, several species of Rhododendrons can be found, ranging from small shrubs to tall trees. They typically have leathery leaves and produce flowers that can be red, pink, white, or purple, often with prominent stamens. Rhododendrons are adapted to mountainous and temperate regions, thriving in Sikkim’s diverse climatic conditions.

Economic Importance:

Horticulture: Rhododendrons are cultivated for their ornamental value in gardens and landscapes, both in Sikkim and worldwide. They are prized for their beautiful flowers and attractive foliage.

Traditional Uses: Various parts of Rhododendrons have traditional medicinal uses in different cultures, including Sikkim. They are used for treating ailments such as fever, colds, and inflammation.

Ecological Significance: Rhododendrons play a vital role in Sikkim’s ecology by providing habitat and food for wildlife, including birds and insects. They contribute to biodiversity conservation in the region.

Cultural Significance: Rhododendrons hold cultural significance in Sikkim’s traditions and festivals. They are often featured in local folklore and are considered symbols of beauty and resilience.

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