World For Nature

Meghalaya ST

Meghalaya – Gmelina arborea


Common Name: beechwood, goomar teak

Local Name: Gamhar (Hindi), Dieng-lophiang (Khasi)

Scientific Name: Gmelina arborea Roxb.

Description: Gmelina arborea is a fast-growing deciduous tree that grows in different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys that receive 750 to 4500mm of annual rainfall. The tree attains a height of up to 30m.  Flowering takes place from February to April, while fruiting starts from May and continues till June.

Importance: The tree is commonly planted as a garden and an avenue tree. The wood is used in constructions, furniture, blackboards, drawing boards, papermaking, etc. The root, bark, and fruits of the tree are used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. The root and the bar are also claimed to have anthelmintic, stomachic, and laxative properties. The leaves are considered good for cattle and are also used for feeding Eri-silkworm. The flowers are useful in the treatment of leprosy and blood diseases.

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